Example of Great Andragological Learning: Online Business Simulations
Education is not filling a pail, it is lighting a fire! – WB Yeats

In the basic categorization, there are two approaches to education: Behavioristic and constructivist. Behavioristic education focuses on transferof knowledge, primarily one-way from instructor to learner. Constructivism instead focuses on helping learners structure their knowledge. Entrepreneurship education has long been highly constructivist and online education is no different. Who then has more experience and expertise?

In practice, the most dominant form of instruction in is pedagogy: T, traditional, teacher-directed approaches. A competing idea in terms of instructing adult learners that is growing rapidly has been dubbed andragogy. Pedagogy, or teacher-directed instruction as it is commonly known, places the student in a role requiring obedience to the teacher's instructions. It is based on the assumption that learners need to know only what the teacher teaches them. The result is a teaching and learning situation that actively promotes dependency on the instructor (Knowles, 1984).

The first use of the term "andragogy" to catch the widespread attention of adult educators was in 1968, when Knowles, then a professor of adult education at Boston University and a pioneer of the constructivist school, introduced the term defining it as the art and science of helping adults learn. The andragogical model as conceived by Knowles is predicated on four basic constructivist assumptions about learners, all of which have some relationship to our notions about a learner's ability, need, and desire to take responsibility for learning: These assumptions also apply to online learning.

  1. Their self-concept moves from dependency to independency or self-directedness.(Great online learning ‘flips’ the classroom dynamic to learner-centric.)
  2. They accumulate a reservoir of experiences that can be used as a basis on which to build learning.(Online learning, especially blended models affords the opportunity for learners to take away the right lessons from their experiences.)
  3. Their readiness to learn becomes increasingly associated with the developmental tasks of social roles. (Done right, online learning builds a learning community.)
  4. Their time and curricular perspectives change from postponed to immediacy of application and from subject-centeredness to performance-centeredness

Simulations: A great example Online education using business simulations represents a highly experiential learning tool, where students actually live these concepts as they build and manage their own learning environments, in a highly competitive, real time setting. This workshop will give attendees what they need to know to choose the best simulations for their students’ needs and how to get started on their own simulations.